What is smokeless tobacco?
- There are 2 basic forms of smokeless tobacco: snuff and chewing tobacco.
- Snuff is fine ground tobacco packaged in cans or pouches. It can be dry or moist. Dry snuff is sold in a powdered form and is used by sniffing or inhaling the dry snuff powder up the nose. Moist snuff is used by placing a pinch, dip, lipper or quid between the lower lip or cheek and gum. The nicotine in the stuff is absorbed through the tissues of the mouth.
- These are designed to be smoke-free and spit-free and are marketed as a discreet way to use tobacco.
What are the risks of using smokeless tobacco?
- Smokeless tobacco products are not a safe alternative for smoking tobacco.
- Harmful health impacts include:
- Oral (mouth) and throat cancer
- Cancer of the esophagus
- Stomach cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Increased risk of heart disease, heart attacks and stroke
- Addiction to nicotine
- Leukoplakia (white sores in the mouth that can become cancer)
- Receding gums
- Bone loss around the roots of the teeth
- Abrasion of teeth
- Tooth loss
- Stained teeth
- Bad breath
- Smokeless tobacco contains 28 cancer-causing agents.
- Smokeless tobacco is a known cause of human cancer.
*Information from the American Cancer Society and Center’s for Disease Control